If only all trial and deposition transcripts happened this quickly….
The Workplace Prof has the snap judgment which seems pretty on point from my initial scans:
I’ve skimmed it enough to see that there’s a lot there to digest more fully. My initial impression is that the court seemed to divide along familiar lines with Ginsburg, Souter, Stevens, and Breyer questioning the petitioners fairly heavily, and Roberts, Scalia, and Alito questioning the respondents closely. Kennedy questioned both sides about equally, and Thomas was characteristically quiet.
Most of the argument seemed to focus on whether the decision not to certify the test was race discrimination or simply racial consciousness and what kinds of evidence an employer would need to have before it could act in this manner.
There’s lots to be fascinated by in the transcript, but one exchange with Chief Justice Roberts stood up on my first glance. He asks the U.S. Government whether the promotion of diversity can be a compelling state interest in employment decisions. While he asks for a yes or no answer, the following exchange happened:
MR. KNEEDLER: We think — we think it probably is a compelling state interest, but it is not one that — that can be advanced by race — by racial classifications. And that — and that is our basic submission here. …
CHIEF JUSTICE ROBERTS: Can it be advanced by taking actions to avoid what is perceived as a disparate impact?
MR. KNEEDLER: Yes.
But whether the public employer can take action on that seems to be where the court is struggling with in the exchange that follows:
CHIEF JUSTICE ROBERTS: In other words, the disparate impact is regarded as something you can intentionally respond to by drawing racial distinctions solely because you would like a more diverse workforce?
MR. KNEEDLER: No, not drawing racial distinctions. That’s our — this — the employer’s response here did not draw racial distinctions. It did not say so many black firefighters would be promoted —
CHIEF JUSTICE ROBERTS: It didn’t care —
MR. KNEEDLER: — and so many white —
CHIEF JUSTICE ROBERTS: It didn’t care — it had to draw racial distinctions because it looked at the test and said, we think there’s a problem because of the racial makeup of who’s going to get the promotions.
But whatever the result, the decision isn’t an easy one to resolve since it puts two competing interests "at war" with each other, as Justice Scalia stated at oral argument.
The court will, however, resolve this one way or another. A decision is expected before June.