With the swine (H1N1) flu vaccine production running slower than anticipated, the hope that workplaces would avoid the full effects of a pandemic is slowly diminishing. Interesting, Connecticut is one of just 9 states that are not reporting a widespread swine flu outbreak (perhaps because the first wave hit the state fairly hard).
With a new wave of swine flu (H1N1) predicted to hit in the upcoming weeks. the Centers for Disease Control released new updated guidance yesterday for employers with recommended actions for businesses to take. (H/T Ohio Employer’s Law Blog)
The guidance can be found in two documents:
The Washington Post has a sobering article out this morning about the expected return of swine flu (H1N1) virus in the upcoming weeks. Indeed, the experts cited in the article basically state that it’s not a matter of "if", but "when" this second wave will hit.
While flu viruses are notoriously capricious, making any firm
Since my first post on H1N1 Influenza (a.k.a. Swine Flu, 2009 Flu, Mexican Flu — or whatever else the CDC or WHO is now calling it — [see UPDATE below on the preferred usage of the term H1N1]) on Sunday, nearly every media outlet has eitherhyped or overhyped the crisis. I’ve waited until week’s end to try to see if we could get some proper perspective on things.
As of this afternoon,there are still no confirmed cases of H1N1 flu in Connecticut., but I’m not sure if we have yet gotten the perspective in focus yet, if the school closings this week are any guide.
Some fellow bloggers have tried to provide some context in an admirable fashion. The Ohio Employer’s Law Blog summarized each of those blogs here, as follows:
[The big] story of the week is the swine flu. I’ve already covered this issue, as have some of my fellow bloggers: Michael Moore at the Pennsylvania Labor & Employment Blog, Catherine Barbieri at the FMLA Blog, Michael Haberman’s HR Observations, HR World, The Word on Employment Law with John Phillips, and Dan Schwartz at the Connecticut Employment Law Blog (who I believe was first in bringing this issue to employers’ attention). CCH also has an excellent resource page covering this issue.
But where does that leave most employers. If the traffic to this blog is any indication — still scratching their heads. So, let me try to put some of the issues in a slightly different framework for employers to think about.
1. Preparation & Communication
While large corporations have likely had time over the last years to develop a crisis-management guideline to deal with natural disasters or pandemics, smaller companies haven’t had that luxury. The CDC checklists should be required reading for most employers by now with notices available on their website as well. Employers should use their bully pulpit to convey accurate information to their workforce along with preventative measures that employees can implement on their own. For employee questions, this FAQ is a great place to start.
But beyond that, employers should think about (though not implement as of yet) what it’s plans may be if this outbreak becomes more widespread and more serious. Will you allow for telecommuting? Is your infrastructure set up so that you have the capability TO telecommute? Will you implement special pandemic flu leave policies to prevent employees from infecting others in the workplace?
You don’t need answers to all these questions yet but you should start to anticipate what those questions may be.
2. Addressing Day-To-Day Issues — The sick employee or the closed school
If and when the H1N1 Flu becomes more prevalent in the community, specific employers may be impacted directly. For school systems, for example, the CDC has released guidance this morning on how schools should address an outbreak. The CDC has already released guidance as to how a community should react to such an outbreak.
Employers may have more practical considerations though that they will need to deal with. For example, if an employee’s child becomes ill, can that employee take FMLA leave? (Probably, though review your policies.) If the employee is sick, can you ask that employee to stay home or work from home during the length of the illness (Maybe but again, check your policies.)
But a tougher question comes up when a school is closed. In that situation, parents may need to stay home or make arrangements to care for a healthy child. What then? John Phillips has some excellent suggestions here, which can be summed up in one phrase: Be sensible and flexible:
I’d be reluctant to fire an employee who stays home with a child whose school has closed because of swine flu. If you’re concerned about setting a bad precedent, I wouldn’t be too concerned. After all, a national health emergency has been declared. I’d be more concerned about bad publicity or a creative legal theory under which the employee might sue you.
The Job Accommodation Network has also just released this guidance on considering the needs of employees during a flu outbreak.